dr hab. Agnieszka Herman
Al. Piłsudskiego 46, 81-378 Gdynia
Tel: +48 (0)58 5236887
Fax: +48 (0)58 5236678
Recent research topics
Introd. to Meteorology
Physical Oceanography – lecture
Physical Oceanography – lab
Sea Ice Geophysics
Small Floe Collider
DESIgn – Discrete-Element bonded-particle Sea Ice model
NCN sea ice project
A totally different story…
Winter semester 2017/2018:
Introduction. Structure and composition of the atmosphere. Radiation. Thermal processes in the atmosphere.
Main concepts. Meteorology, climatology, atmospheric sciences.
Composition of the atmosphere; homosphere and heterosphere; ozonosphere. Vertical structure of the atmosphere; troposphere, stratosphere, mesosphere.
Solar radiation. Global energy balance. Stefan-Boltzmann law and Wien's law. Radiation processes in the atmosphere. Heat exchange between the atmosphere and lands/oceans.
Greenhouse effect – mechanisms.
Dynamic processes in the atmosphere.
Atmospheric pressure. Vertical pressure variations.
Horizontal changes of atmospheric pressure and temperature. Low pressure and high pressure systems.
Atmospheric pressure and wind. Geostrophic wind. Gradient wind. Thermal wind and geostrophic temperature advection.
Water in the atmosphere. Vertical stability of the atmosphere.
Vertical stability of dry atmosphere. Dry-adiabatic gradient. Temperature inversion. Convection level.
Water vapour in the atmosphere. Phase transitions. Dew point.
Humidity: definitions and units.
Thermodynamic processes in moist air. Clausius-Clapeyron equation.
Vertical stability of moist air. Moist-adiabatic processes. Condensation level.
Clouds and precipitation. Thunderstorms.
Formation of clouds. Condensation, growth of water droplets/ice crystals in clouds.
Classification of clouds, their composition and structure. Fog and mist.
Formation and types of precipitation.
Thunderstorms. Types of thunderstorms. Electricity of the atmosphere.
Global atmospheric circulation.
Air masses. Fronts. Polar front. Jet stream. Planetary Rossby waves. (Anti-)cyclogenesis.
Average distribution and seasonal variability of wind, atmospheric pressure and temperature on Earth. Trade wind circulation. Circulation of the midlatitudes. Polar circulation.
North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO). El Niño, index ENSO (El Niño–Southern Oscillation).
Formation, evolution and structure of mid-latitude low pressure systems. The role of the polar front in czclogenesis.
Typical weather patterns in low pressure systems.
Typical weather patterns in high pressure systems.
Types of atmospheric fronts. Dynamics of frontal zones. Occlusion. Clouds and precipitation in low- and high-pressure systems and in frontal zones.
Formation, evolution and structure of tropical low pressure systems.
Easterly waves, tropical depressions, tropical storms, hurricanes.
Regions of hurricane formation. Oceans as a source of energy for hurricanes. Three-dimensional hurricane structure.
Hurricanes in satellite imagery and synoptic charts.
The role of hurricanes in ocean mixing and oceanic heat transport. Hurricanes and climate.